A job, work or career, is the basic role of an individual in society. More specifically, a job refers to a single act, usually routine and frequently performed at the expense of payment. Most individuals have multiple jobs. A worker may start a job as an employee, voluntarily participating in a program of employment, enrolling in formal training, or being a parent. However, most jobs are based upon a fixed term of employment.
One of the important considerations for job seekers is their career goal. Most job seekers assume that a job will be based upon their education and experience. This assumption is wrong for most positions. Generally, all types of jobs, regardless of level of education or experience, require some type of job skills.
Job duties are described in an employee’s job description. An example of a job description is “assistant to the manager”. The assistant is typically a receptionist or office assistant. This person’s job duties will be completely different from that of the manager. The same goes for part-time jobs and entry-level positions.
Job analysis is the process of reviewing job descriptions to make certain that the job description is not overly broad or vague. It is further determined if the job duties are clearly defined. For example, the job description “assistant to the owner” would be too broad. In this case, the organization should make sure that the duties detailed in the job description match the skills and qualification of the employee. In addition, it should also ensure that the responsibilities are in line with the employer’s business plan.
A job description can also be too vague and can even be ambiguous. If the job duties are not clearly defined, then the employee would have no way of determining the exact role he or she has to perform. Therefore, if the goal is to implement a specific plan, it is important to use a job title or, better yet, the job purpose to determine the job duties. For instance, if the job purpose is to create a visual aid for an upcoming presentation, then the job title or job description should be something like “photographer”, “articulate writer” or “artistic producer”.
Once the job duties are determined, it is easier to match the qualifications of the job descriptions with the responsibilities. A general rule to match responsibilities and qualifications is to look at the job descriptions side by side, and identify the job titles or keywords on each. Then, compare the qualifications to the job titles or keywords to determine which one is most appropriate.